Research on the Influence Factors of the Fall Efficiency of the Hospitalized
Objective: To investigate the fall efficiency and the influence factors of the hospitalized geriatric patients with cerebrovascular diseases. Method The Modified Fall Efficacy Scale (MFES), Morse Fall Risk Assessment Scales(MFS), Berg Balance Scale(BBS) and Tinetti Gait Analysis(TGA) were adopted and the combined ways of questionnaires and observation were utilized to investigate the 113 cases hospitalized geriatric patients with cerebrovascular diseases.
Results: The fall efficiency of the geriatric patients with cerebrovascular diseases were 7.85±2.57 scores. The two projects walking up and down stairs and taking public transport means got the lowest scores; The two projects stretching out the hand to the box or the drawer for taking something and sitting up and down to the chair got the highest scores. It was found that three factors had significant influences on the fall efficiency; they were myodynamia of the right upper extremity, Berg balance functions, and gait.
Conclusion: For the sake of helping the geriatric patients with cerebrovascular diseases establish the self-confidence of preventing the falls, the medical workers need take further psychological counselling for the patients and befittingly and specifically improve the fall efficiency of patients and then effectively prevent the occurring of the fall on the basis of improving the balance ability and gait of patients.