Depression and Associated Risk Factors Among Medical and Allied Health Sciences Students of Southern Punjab, Pakistan

  • Saeed Ahmad The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
  • Tayyeba Rehman The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
  • Waheed Mumtaz Abbasi The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
  • Imran Masood
  • Qindeel Fatima Quaid-e-Azam Medical College, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
  • Aymen Owais Ghauri The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Bilal The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
  • Mohammad Adeel Arshad The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
Keywords: Depression, medical students, developing sector, Southern Punjab, Pakistan

Abstract

Aim: Depression is diagnosed mostly in medical and allied health sciences students and affects their study performance. The study was conducted to obtain the prevalence of depression of the students of a developing area. The study also aimed to find the socio-demographic variables that could be the cause of depression in students.

Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out in medical and allied health sciences students. Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) scale was analysis tool of depression. The participants with BDI scores of ≥ 17 were considered depressive. For statistical analysis, Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis analysis of variance were used.

Results: 40% of students that have participated in survey showed BDI scores of ≥ 17. Results of study showed high BDI scores among 2nd year students, poor socio-economic status, poor study performance and urban area students.

Conclusion: Depression prevalence in medical and allied health sciences students was found to be high that was significantly related to being junior in study institute, poor in socio-economic level and study.

Author Biographies

Saeed Ahmad, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan

Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy and Alternative Medicine, 

Tayyeba Rehman, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan

University College of Conventional Medicine, Faculty of Pharmacy and Alternative Medicine, 

Waheed Mumtaz Abbasi, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan

University College of Conventional Medicine, Faculty of Pharmacy and Alternative Medicine, 

Imran Masood

Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy and Alternative Medicine, 

Aymen Owais Ghauri, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan

University College of Conventional Medicine, Faculty of Pharmacy and Alternative Medicine, 

Muhammad Bilal, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan

University College of Conventional Medicine, Faculty of Pharmacy and Alternative Medicine, 

Mohammad Adeel Arshad, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan

Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy and Alternative Medicine, 

Published
2018-12-31