Social Support, Marital Satisfaction, Quality of Life and Locus of Control in Mothers with Chronically Ill and Healthy Children

  • Rabiya Rasheed Kinnaird College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Saeed Ur Rashid Nazir University of Sargodha
  • Safi Ur Rehman Doctors hospital and medical center, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Ruqaiya Rasheed Kayani Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Misbah Sultana University College of Pharmacy, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Humayun Riaz Rashid Latif College of Pharmacy, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Rahat Shamim University College of Pharmacy, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Saba Manzoor Fazal Din Pharma Plus, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Muhammad Maaz Ali Beacon House College, University Road, Sargodha, Pakistan.
Keywords: Social Support, Marital Satisfaction, Locus of Control, Quality of Life, Chronic illness


Objective: The present study aims compare social support, marital satisfaction, quality of life and locus of control between mothers of chronically ill and healthy children.

Material and methods: A causal comparative study was carried out on 200 mothers including 100 mothers of chronically ill children and 100 mothers of healthy children; aged between 19 to 55 years (MA=34.24; SD=6.41). The healthy group was blocked and matched on age and gender of the child. Participants were administered The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, WHO Quality of Life-BREF, Marital Satisfaction Scale, Rotter’s Locus of Control Scale and Demographic Form, respectively. Results were evaluated using Independent Sample t test, Cohen’s d, and MANOVA. Results: Social support (t=-8.55, p<.05, d=1.21; CI, -21.92 to -13.7), marital satisfaction (t=-4.70, p<.05, d=0.35; CI, -17.43 to-7.12) and quality of life [Environmental F(1,198)= 45.88, p<.00; Physical F(1,198)= 36.44, p<.00; Psychological F(1,198)= 50.65, p<.00; Social F(1,198)= 53.18, p<.00] scores were significantly higher in mothers of healthy children in comparison to mothers of chronically ill children, whereas locus of control scores showed no difference.

Conclusion: The mothers of healthy children reported better social support, quality of life and marital satisfaction in comparison to mothers of chronically ill children. However, locus of control failed to support any statistically significant difference between the two groups.