Determination of Risk Factors Associated with the Occurrence of Osteoporosis
The objective of the present study was to find out the prevalence of osteoporosis associated risk factors among various age groups of women. Osteoporosis is illustrated by low bone mass and weakening of bone tissue, which may lead to increased bone tenderness and enhanced fracture risk despite the prevalence of osteoporosis, tendency of osteoporosis is very high in residents with various signs and symptoms as reported earlier. Unfortunately, in Pakistan there is much lack of awareness regarding this rapidly increased disorder. There is lack of education regarding such health disorders due to lack of health awareness programs such as patient awareness programs for both Urbal and rural areas. This was a cross sectional study conducted from April 2015 to may 2015. A total of 100 individuals were selected randomly among age groups varying from 33-70 years old women living in various areas of Karachi, Pakistan. Specifically developed questionnaire were used for the collection of data. At first they inquired about their lifestyle and associated risk factors such as lack of interest of physical activity, weak muscles and low dietary calcium and vitamin D. The results showed that among 100 individuals the highest risk factors as observed are the individuals who have low dietary calcium and vitamin D are 52%, while individuals who have lack of interest of physical activity are 77% and individuals who have joint pain are 79 %. Lack of understanding constitutes a significant problem requiring serious health disorders.