Prevalence of Postpartum Depression in Primigravida and Multigravidawith Normal Physiological Status
This study is performed to determine the prevalence of Postpartum Depression (PPD) and compare it’s percent prevalence in gravida one with multigravida and also to highlight the symptoms that often ignored leading to postpartum psychosis. An observational survey based study is being conducted in the gynecological OPDs and general female population by a close ended questionnaire and the collected data is being divided into two groups, primigravida and multigravida with total response rate 80.4%. Inclusion criterion is age between 16–39 years with 1 week up to 12 weeks of postpartum and normal physiological status. Exclusion criteria are gravida five, women with history of psychiatric disorder and unusual emotional scenarios. The incidence of maternity blues is more as compared to PPD i.e. 82.78% baby blues and 17.21% PPD which is found to be more common among primigravida mothers (68%). The age group most highly affected range from 16-25 years with percentage of 57.69% while 23.07% belong to 26-35 years and 19.23 % to 36-39 years. Approximately 65.38% of the respondents with PPD were undergraduate while 19.23% and 15.38% were graduates and postgraduates respectively. Data was analyzed usingstatistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 20.0.The study data revealed the occurrence of PPD is found to be higher in subjects, in housewives, those who delivered female infants and those lacking support from spouse although no significant relationship was found between PPD and type of delivery, socio economic status, and infant feeding status.