Prevalence of Dysmenorrhea associated with Premenstrual Syndrome and management strategies by using Medicinal Plants adopted by Female Students
Aim and Objective: The study object was to evaluate the prevalence of Dysmenorrhea associated with premenstrual syndrome and its management strategies adopted.
Methodology: This cross sectional study was conducted on consenting 530 females studying at the Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Sadiq Women University, Punjab College, Superior College, Best College of Bahawalpur. The data was gathered by general survey, questionnaires regarding PMS associated with dysmenorrhea, abdominal discomfort, backache, nausea, anxiety and depression, breast tenderness headache, vomiting, intake of food and self management strategies.
Results: The mean age of participant of the study was 22.01±1.25. 288 (54%) females reported to PMS associated with dysmenorrhoea and from 288, 198 (69%) are those that utilized fast food and 90 (31.25%) are those who used simple homemade food. 277(96%) females having backache and abdominal pain, 282 (97%) having nausea, 245 (85%) having anxiety and depression, 274(95%) having irritability and pelvic discomfort, 196 (68%) having breast tenderness, 191 (66%) having headache, 166(58%) having vomiting. 267 (93%) girls managed this problem by using medicinal plants. While 21 (7%) used other medical aid (allopathic medication) i.e. ponstan, brufen, Synflex etc. From 93%, 157 (55%) cures by using house hold herbal remedies such as Melaleuca alternifolia, 41(14%) by Foeniculam vulgare, 28(10%) by Trachyspermum ammi, 11 (4%) by Zingiber officinalis, 18(6%) by Cinamoum verum, 3(1%) by Elateria cardamom and 9 (3%) Cocos nucifera.
Conclusion: Dysmenorrhoea is a common problem and it affects academic performance and routine activities therefore proper intervention is needed.
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