Medicinal Properties of Cucumis melo Linn.
Cucumis melo Linn. fruit popularly known as Muskmelon is a pubescent or trailing herb with edible, polymorphous fruits. It is used for various ailments in Traditional System of Medicine. Fruit and roots have medicinal value. Traditionally it is used for the treatment of kidney stones, flatulence, leprosy, fever, jaundice, diabetes, obesity, cough, bronchitis, ascites, anaemia, constipation and other abdominal disorders. C. melo is a rich source of vitamin A, folate, flavonoids such as ß-carotene, lentin, xanthin and cryptoxanthin. Its various pharmacological activities have been evaluated such as antihyperlipidimic, antidiuretic, gastroprotective, anti-hyperglycemic, anti-inflammatory and antihypothyroidism. The present review article covers the up to date information on the chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of C. melo.