Incidence of Anemia in the Population of Dir (Lower) Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

  • Imran Khan Imran Student at zoology department
  • Sardar Azhar Mehmood Department of Zoology Hazara University Mansehra, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
  • Wali Khan Department of Zoology University of Malakand, Dir (Lower), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
  • Shabir Ahmed Department of Zoology Hazara University Mansehra, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
  • Ikram Khan Department of Botany Govt Degree College Samar Bagh, Dir (Lower) Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
  • Ahmed Zia National Insect Museum, National Agriculture Research Center Islamabad Pakistan.
Keywords: Anemia, iron, disease, prevalence.


Introduction: Iron deficiency anemia is one of the major global public health issue causes many serious diseases mostly found in the women and children of developing world.

Objective: To evaluate and assess the occurrence and disorder related to iron deficiency in the population of district Dir (Lower).

Materials and Methods: From all volunteers blood samples were collected from Vein through syringe and kept it in the EDTA tubes. Hemoglobin concentration was determined by the help of Hematology Analyzer. Following the guidelines of WHO, the value of a hemoglobin (Hb) was <11.5 gm/dl the cut-off for anemia. Data were analyzed by using SPSS.

Results: Overall 200 participants were examined of whom n=80 (40%) were anemic which was found higher in age 1-20 years n= 31 (15.5%), farmers n=28 (14%) and house wives n=20 (10%) and malaria patients n=7 (3.5%). While in gender wise study males n=57 (28.5%) were found more anemic than females n=23 (11.5%) P-value (0.95).

Conclusions: Awareness and education in public about iron deficiency anemia, its causes and related disorder can prevent anemia of iron deficiency. Knowledge about nutritional requirements and iron deficiency anemia in women can save children and whole family from many diseases like anemia. So knowledge, education and awareness in population especially in women are very necessary.