Malaria Malaria in the Population District Dir Lower Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

  • Imran Khan Student at zoology department
  • Sardar Azhar Mehmood Department of Zoology Hazara University Mansehra, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
  • Wali Khan Department of Zoology University of Malakand, Dir (Lower), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
  • Shabir Ahmed Department of Zoology Hazara University Mansehra, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
  • Ahmed Zia National Insect Museum, National Agriculture Research Center Islamabad Pakistan.
  • Noman Khan Department of Chemistry Govt Degree College Samar Bagh, Dir (Lower) Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
Keywords: Malaria, Plasmodium, nets, prevalence.


Background: Malarial parasitic infection is one of the chief global health issue causes many morbidity and mortality mostly in the population of developing countries.

Objectives: To assess the incidence and infection related to Plasmodium in the peoples of Dir (Lower).

Materials and Methods: Blood samples were taken by the finger pricked process of all individuals of the study sample from which thin and thick smears were prepared on the same slide. Used methyl alcohol for the fixation of thin smears. Giemsa stain of 10% were used for staining of blood film. All the slides were examined carefully under microscope with 100X objective. Crosschecked all the slides by senior Pathologists.

Results: A total of 1439 participants were studied for the presence of malarial infection in which n=232 (16.12%) were positive for malaria which was found higher in age group 16-30 n= 76 (18.22%) while the less cases were found in age group 31-45 years n=45 (14.46%).          Males n=174 (18.45%) were found more infected than females n=58 (11.69%). In month wise study August n=49 (18.42%) and July n=46 (18.11%) were found with highest prevalence while lowest prevalence were noted in April n=10 (12.98%).

Conclusion: Knowledge in public about Plasmodium infections, vectors, causes, preventive measurements and related disorder can prevent Plasmodium infection.