Contraceptive Knowledge and Perceptions about Unprotected Sex among Undergraduate Pharmacy Students in Nigeria
Background: Adolescents have been affected by poor contraceptive information and their sexual behaviour is often cited as a source of public health concern.
Objective: Our study assesses undergraduate pharmacy students’ contraceptive knowledge and perceptions of unprotected sex across the geopolitical zones of Nigeria.
Methods: The study design was cross-sectional and analytic. Data was collected via an online Google form® after ethical approval was obtained. Descriptive and inferential analyses were undertaken using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 20.0 to compare continuous variables. For all analyses, p values less than 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant.
Results: About 1089 students consented to the study and a third were in final year (33.6%). About 86% of the participants could correctly define contraception, with all schools having about 80% of their students in the correct knowledge category (p < 0.001). The main reason for engaging in unprotected sex was that condoms are not comfortable (59%).
Conclusion: Most of the students have good knowledge of contraception but practice is suboptimal which may expose them to untoward effects including infections and unwanted pregnancies. An urgent need for advocacy and public health promotional activities on contraception and the subsequent danger of inaccurate use exists.
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